Column

When black history isn’t relegated to a single month

Removing misleading stories of white heroism from the history textbooks lifts a veil

Photo of Andre Perry

Degree of  Interest

Carter G. Woodson in an undated photograph. In 1926, he originated the celebration of Black History Week and is the author of 16 books about African Americans.

Carter G. Woodson in an undated photograph. In 1926, he originated the celebration of Black History Week and he is the author of 16 books about African-Americans.

Last year Vice President Mike Pence commemorated the start of Black History Month by acknowledging Abraham Lincoln, a white man, for submitting the Thirteenth Amendment, which abolished slavery. Pence’s snubbing of black people happened on the same day President Donald Trump talked as if Frederick Douglass, abolitionist, writer and civil rights leader, were still alive (he died in 1895). Later in the month, U.S. Secretary of Education Betsy DeVos said historically black colleges and universities were “pioneers” of “school choice” (Colleges were segregated).

It was a sign of things to come.

By Pence’s standard, Trump made black history in his first year as president by waging an assault on voting rights through his now-defunct voting fraud commission, calling white supremacists “fine people” after the Charlottesville march and, more recently, disparaging Haiti, El Salvador and African countries as “shithole countries.”

We should all be appalled at the administration’s ignorance around race but we should be not surprised. Racism is taught. And when white history is the standard, when history is told from the point of view of the white people, you might well believe, as failed U.S. Senate candidate Roy Moore does, that slavery was good for black people.

Related: If black lives matter, so do historically black colleges and universities

The flagrant ignorance and blatant racism of the Trump administration makes clearer what black celebrities such as Morgan Freeman and Stacy Dash mean (or so we hope) when they say, “I don’t want Black History Month.” It’s obvious that black history is needed all year long. But white history as we know it can no longer be the standard in a multicultural society, which is supposed to maximize the potential of all of its members.

The late, great historian Carter G. Woodson started Negro History Week in 1926 with hopes that black people would be proud of their heritage and that mainstream America would recognize the contributions of its black residents. While millions of students across the country now study the influences of black people and culture in what has evolved into Black History Month, Trump proves regularly that Woodson’s ultimate goal of integrating black history into our core curricula fell far short of national acceptance.

The danger in relegating black history to a month is that it becomes horribly contained to a month. Ask your child, colleague or friend to say a few brief words about Carter G. Woodson, sing the first few lines of The Black National Anthem, or identify five African countries during the rest of the months and there’s a strong possibility you’ll think you’re talking to a version of Trump. Black contributions to society are not being recognized in the pantheon of American history. Worse, this lack of recognition is reflected in national policy, racial inequities in compensation, and the discounting of black leadership. Unequal pay is a blatant, empirical sign of a devaluation of worth.

Related: How teachers should talk to students about Trump’s racism

You obviously can’t pin the blame on the devaluation of black people on Black History Month. As a young person, I remember learning about renowned surgeon Ben Carson and how he became the first to successfully separate twins at the head in a Black History Month event. I listened to Carson with admiration and pride at another such event when he narrated, with great aplomb, the exact stops along the neural pathway from a touch of the finger to the brain and back again. It’s a shtick I would hear many times, with the same reaction.

But when Carson as U.S. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development referred to slaves as “immigrants” last year during a departmental junket with employees, he proved there’s nothing wrong with Black History Month. Carson, too, could not detach the white-centric history he learned in school from his own brain.

No wonder, when he probably also studied those whitewashed stories of Christopher Columbus “discovering” America (no matter the millions of Native Americans already living here), which are buttressed by tales of how the Pilgrims supposedly sat down with the Indians for a delightful supper (already part of their harvest tradition). When slavery is covered in history class, the teaching of black benign servitude too often goes along with ideas that the Ku Klux Klan is a Christian organization exhibiting principles like loving thy neighbor. We have statues of Confederate heroes, i.e. racist traitors, littered throughout the U.S., particularly in the South. And of course Abraham Lincoln didn’t have a racist bone in his body.

The misrepresenting of colonization, slavery and racists is behind the racism and ignorance of Trump and people like him, not Black History Month.

Related: Baltimore students need more than space heaters; they need justice

I’m indebted to the people, places and traditions I’ve been introduced to in February. I have received numerous invitations to speak at these events, and I will continue to highlight black accomplishments in my columns during February. Calling for mainstream inclusion isn’t a charge to end Black History Month. In fact, we can use it to introduce more recent history and fresh faces.

For instance, if there is a book by a black author that you must read this month, take in Stamped from the Beginning by Ibram X. Kendi, winner of the 2016 National Book Award for nonfiction. Kendi’s book provides a thorough reading of U.S. history from the perspective of black people. He moves forward Woodson’s legacy, along with other notable historians who are still alive, such as James D. Anderson, Robin Kelly, Henry Louis Gates, Jr., Blair Kelly and Paula Giddings. There are people who continue to write outside of white standards, to our collective benefit. But to reap the social fruits of their labor we must remove the standard of white-centric history.

Getting to a place where we can make history more inclusive is not easy. In fact, it’s a thoroughly radical endeavor that first requires society to acknowledge that history is not an impartial narration of events as they occurred. It is, rather, the story as told by the people who are telling it. Retelling our history requires acknowledging that the American identity is rooted in a false narrative that makes the exhortation to Make America Great Again an oxymoron (for the people who were brought here as slaves, it was never all that great to begin with).

Many multicultural education advocates have promoted curricula that expand the perspectives in American history. The pushback to the ethnic studies and multicultural education movements is about protecting white history. University faculty have much more leeway as to their text selection, but people of color are severely underrepresented in the full-time teaching ranks. And core undergraduate curricula are guarded by traditions, professional (read: white) standards and faculty who were trained in accordance with them.

Removing racist history books will be harder than shuttling Confederate monuments to the backs of museums. Neither important act is about erasing history — it’s about making it. Woodson wanted to see black history infused in American history because they’re one and the same. But he also wanted the idolatry of whiteness removed from America’s site.

This story was produced by The Hechinger Report, a nonprofit, independent news organization focused on inequality and innovation in education. Read more about education in New Orleans.

 

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Andre Perry

Dr. Andre Perry, a contributing writer, is a David M. Rubenstein Fellow at The Brookings Institution. Perry was the founding dean of urban education at… See Archive

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