Get important education news and analysis delivered straight to your inbox
Nationally, black males account for 2 percent of the teacher population. Blacks in total represent 8 percent of all teachers; Latinos, 7 percent; and Asians, 2 percent. My 3-year-old son could have approximately 50 different teachers by the time he graduates from high school. How many times should he expect to see an African American male teacher before graduation? This is a “Common Core” question I struggle with.
In a seminar titled, “How Do We Get More Black Male Teachers in America’s Classrooms?” At the Congressional Black Caucus Foundation’s 44th Annual Legislative Conference in Washington, D.C., an audience member asked, “Are colleges even recruiting black male teachers?” As someone who is charged with building a teacher prep program, I can say most universities aren’t built to recruit from black communities.
Black and brown people represent 30 percent of the population. But they represent 15 percent of teachers, and that figure is in decline. Woodrow Wilson reports that if current trends hold, the percentage of teachers of color will fall to an all-time low of 5 percent by 2020. But today for the first time in American history, the majority of public school students are of color.
Related story: New Orleans schools should stop hiring so many teachers who don’t understand the students’ culture or backgrounds
Diversity matters when it comes to learning. Ethnic minorities benefit from seeing teachers who share similar backgrounds. This reality motivated the Center for American Progress to create their Diversity Index, which “ranks states on the percentage-point difference between teachers of color and students of color.” But everyone benefits from seeing authentic teaching and learning come from all walks of life. Even though we should all have diverse teachers in our lives, most of us don’t.
Before explaining the lack of infrastructure to recruit black teachers, I must assert an extraneous but important claim. Students are more likely to become teachers if they’re treated with respect while in school. If racial disparities in suspension and expulsion provide indications of preferential treatment, then our teacher recruitment strategy should include “discipline” reform. Unfortunately, schools are a negative flashpoint in many black children’s lives. In addition, a lack of school quality makes it more difficult for aspiring teachers to meet the ever-increasing academic requirements to enroll in programs. Students’ educational experiences will influence future career decisions.
Related story: Schools are doling out suspensions “like Tic Tacs,” here are some ways to keep kids in the classroom
The Council for the Accreditation of Teacher Preparation (CAEP) and organizations like Teach for America have certainly raised the bar for entry into the profession. A college 3.0 GPA has become standard. Again, if students aren’t prepared at the secondary and postsecondary levels, then they won’t be able to pass required tests for licensure. For instance, only 1 in 4 test takers (among all ethnic groups) passed Michigan’s revised teacher examination. Nevertheless, the eroding 15 percent of black and brown teachers in the profession isn’t only about preparation.
Recruiting teachers of color is hard because the units in universities that are charged specifically for marketing and recruitment aren’t positioned and staffed to recruit African Americans and Latinos. Many colleges still have a sole multicultural recruiter.
Related story: Teacher-school match: Education needs long relationships, not ‘one-night stands’
I still love seeing names of units change from minority affairs to diversity or multicultural affairs as the composition of majority changes. Particularly for regional colleges and universities situated in urban areas, the word minority is most often used incorrectly. Whites are the minority in places like New Orleans, Detroit and Atlanta.
And still, many admissions offices are networked to schools and families outside of their immediate surroundings. Colleges and universities’ infrastructure aren’t positioned to the neighborhoods and schools where the untapped teacher talent resides.
Teacher education programs must move from a tuition-driven model aimed for quantity to one built for selectivity and quality. Diversity must be included as a key performance indicator of quality. In addition, district leaders want universities to respond to specific needs in regards to subject area and diversity.
The days of recruiters waiting for aspiring teachers to willingly hand over their tuition in exchange for a certificate are over. If we want teachers of color, colleges are going to have to recruit outside their social networks. Meaning, we really have to recruit. (Another aside – what if teacher prep programs recruited like football coaches.) Universities need less traditional recruiters and more street teams, “a group of people who ‘hit the streets’ promoting an event or a product.”
Related story: ‘Call me MISTER Initiative’ succeeds in recruiting, developing black teachers
This is where cultural competency enters the equation. Recruiters have to know where potential teachers congregate, party, socialize and learn. In addition, marketers have to know what materials are attractive to specific groups and where to promote. In other words, admissions offices need to learn more from the social networking theories touted in their classroom.
Social network theory believes that influence comes from one’s social relationships and ties within network of people. Actions and behaviors are influenced through the structure and communication within an individual’s social network. If college recruiters and marketers aren’t in the social networks of the students they want, it’s unlikely students will come to the university because of the recruitment. The easiest and fastest way to recruit teachers of color is to find recruiters who are in their networks.
More and more admissions offices are using social media as tools. However, you can’t fake being a member of a community even if it’s virtual. Finding teachers of color will require hiring recruiters of color who authentically can navigate the social milieu. This is especially true for high achieving black and brown students.
Are collegiate teacher education programs recruiting teachers of color? Technically, many are. However, the demographics of the graduates reflect those with whom teacher colleges are networked. The demographics of the admissions teams also reflect those whom they’re built to recruit.
Andre Perry, founding dean of urban education at Davenport University in Grand Rapids, Mich., is the author of The Garden Path: The Miseducation of a City (2011).
At The Hechinger Report, we publish thoughtful letters from readers that contribute to the ongoing discussion about the education topics we cover. Please read our guidelines for more information. We will not consider letters that do not contain a full name and valid email address. You may submit news tips or ideas here without a full name, but not letters.
By submitting your name, you grant us permission to publish it with your letter. We will never publish your email address. You must fill out all fields to submit a letter.
Excellent and important article, thank you. I would add that testing is a major obstacle. One is licensure tests many colleges now require teachers to pass before letting them into the teacher ed programs. Pass rates for black and brown would-be teachers are dismal. Yet the most recent National Academy of Sciences report on these tests found they did not predict teacher quality. The claim is the tests cover necessary content, a base line, but that too is not demonstrated since some reports show provisional teachers who did not pass the tests were subsequently evaluated as well as those who did (recognizing those evals may also be flawed). In any event, why would prospects seek to become teachers with this flawed testing process in front of them? And then our nation currently expects teachers to become essentially test prep technicians – why do that for a living, and then be depending on student test scores the results of which could push you out of the profession. So yes, new more effective ways to recruit are essential, but colleges and schools of education need to also join the fight to thoroughly overhaul educational assessment and evaluation.
Submit a letter