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Let’s take a hard look at some facts about education in the poor and largely rural state of Mississippi. Nearly seven percent of adults in the state have less than a ninth-grade education. At least 15 percent of all adults in the state are illiterate, with the percentage approaching twice that in some of the state’s poorest and most rural counties.
The state is 48th in an annual ranking of U.S. education performance. Mississippi spends less on education than nearly every other state. Just 61 percent of Mississippi’s students graduate from high school on time—more than 10 percentage points below the national average.
All too often, the children of this state start behind and stay behind.
So what does Mississippi Gov. Phil Bryant do when given a microphone at a Washington Post public forum earlier this week? Asked how America became “so mediocre” in its educational outcomes, he noted that both parents started working, and “the mom is in the workplace.”
The Republican governor knew he had put his foot in his mouth.
“I can just see the emails now,” Bryant said as soon as the words were out of his mouth.
Bryant indeed created a firestorm, but the resulting publicity threatens to take attention away from the very real education problems that plague Mississippi’s children, including a legacy of racism and segregation.
Here at The Hechinger Report, we’ve spent the last year uncovering obstacles, consequences and potential solutions to the state’s woeful education performance in our Mississippi Learning series, starting with early childhood.
So we can’t help but wonder why Gov. Bryant is talking about women in the workplace instead of focusing on ways to improve public education.
Back at home, his comments have met with some hostility, to say the least.
“Gov. Phil Bryant is a caveman,” noted the Jackson Free Press, in an outraged piece by Oxford mom Cristen Hemmins, who laments that Bryant “makes us look like backwards idiots once again.”
Hemmins included a collection of angry quotations from Mississippi mothers, along with one who had some choice advice for the state’s Republicans.
“Dear Republican Party: You really better get your act together. You are not minting any new Republicans. And, if you want to know why, look at headlines like this one.”
Of course, the state’s Democrats took note. State Democratic Party Chairman Rickey Cole called the comments “an insult” to Mississippi women, and the party used them for Election Day get-out-the-vote tweets, according to Geoff Pender of The Clarion-Ledger.
“[T]o somehow relate public school mediocrity to some ‘Leave it to Beaver’ world that none of us has ever had a connection to in our lives is to ascribe a child-like comprehension to what life is like in Mississippi and has been like. It’s pretty clear our education system has failed Phil Bryant, if no one else,” Cole told Pender.
Republicans and Bryant operatives in turn said the remarks had, of course, been “taken out of context,” and said Bryant was not blaming working mothers. State GOP Chairman Joe Nosef told Pender that the governor “was simply pointing out the positive impact parents can have on the education of their children.”
A Salon editor pointed out that working mothers are not a problem in Finland, a country well known for its education prowess—and where 70 percent of women work.
Bryant has now thrust himself and Mississippi into the national spotlight. Instead of back-tracking or complaining about how his remarks came out, he should take the opportunity to outline a focus on the very real and pressing education problems in his state.
He’ll find they have very little to do with working moms.
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As a former Mississippian who spent 19 years as a stay-at-home mom raising my four children and a former Mississippi educator married to an educator now living in Missouri, I do not take offense at Governor Bryant’s comments. It is my opinion, that when the economy required many families to send both parents into the workplace things changed dramatically for education, in general, and not for the better.
In order for me to stay home, my family made sacrifices and at times, if my husband had not also driven a school bus, would have qualified for free and reduced lunches.
Regardless, as a homemaker, I was able to volunteer in the schools as well as work with my children on homework or projects. The fact is, this is a luxury for many who are working hard to keep food on the table let alone have the time to help with homework at that same table or volunteer at school.
A chief indicator of student success and optimal learning is family support. That is not to say that double income families can not or do not support schools or want the best education for their children. It does say that there are just so many hours in the day for anyone to do everything that needs to be done.
It is my opinion Governor Bryant was well intentioned in his comments and the headlines accompanying the reports of his comments are inflammatory and misleading.
According to the science, whether or not Mom works outside the home doesn’t seem to have much effect on children. Quoting from the Scientific American: “there don’t seem to be strong differences in children of stay-at-home and working mothers. When there are differences, they actually trend towards the children of working mothers having more positive academic and behavioral outcomes, and these positive benefits are especially noticeable in lower-income households, where the added financial security provided by Mom’s income does a whole lot to improve a child’s prospects.”
As a former single mom and a person who has been working since age 14, I assure you that if a Mom is interested in her child’s education she will find time to ensure that they do well. A more crucial factor in their educational outcome is whether or not education is valued by the parent(s), and whether the public schools are properly funded.
Here in Mississippi our Legislature has yet to fully fund the Mississippi Adequate Education Act. If Governor Bryant were interested in improving our situation, pushing for full funding would certainly help.
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