Divided We Learn

Number of single moms in college doubled in 12 years, so why aren’t they graduating?

Report shines a light on additional racial inequities

A single mother holds her son while she waits to receive her diploma during her graduation ceremony from college.

The number of single mothers in college more than doubled between 2000 and 2012, but a minority of those mothers who enrolled actually graduated, according to a new report.

More than two million single moms were college students in 2012 – close to one in five of all women in college. But as more of these women sought degrees over the past decade, a matrix of financial obstacles got in the way, according to the report released Wednesday by the Institute for Women’s Policy Research. These hurdles include working full- or part-time, the high cost of daycare (and decreasing availability of it on campuses) and housing.

Most states have struggled recently to boost the number of residents with degrees, both to alleviate poverty and to grow their economies. The report suggests that programs aimed at addressing the needs of single moms as well as other college students could help.

“The reality is that a growing share of today’s families are headed by single mothers,” said Barbara Gault, executive director at IWPR and one of the report’s authors. “To the extent that we can improve their educational attainment, they will be in a much better position to support their families.”

While 57 percent of women without children and 40 percent of married women graduated from college with a certificate or degree within six years in 2009, the same was true for only 28 percent of single mothers, according to the report.

Related: With number of student-parents up, availability of campus child care is down

Part of the issue is the hours that single moms must spend at work and taking care of children – 54 percent of single mothers in college work 20 or more hours per week and 43 percent work 30 or more hours per week. A recent study found that working more than 15 hours a week negatively impacts students’ grades.

Some moms say the high cost of childcare is part of the reason they have to work so much. The report notes that the annual cost of center-based daycare ranges from $4,000 in Mississippi to close to $13,000 in Massachusetts. Parents who have relied on a federally funded campus-based childcare program, which President Trump wants to eliminate, have said they wouldn’t have graduated without the low-cost care.

Gault argues that helping single moms earn degrees could also help to chip away at the persistent racial gap in college education, since black women are much more likely than white or Asian women to be single parents while they’re in college (see Figure 3).

The financial burden for single moms persists even when they do graduate, the report found. Single mothers who earn B.A. degrees graduate owing about $30,000 in student loans on average, compared with about $24,000 for all women graduates.

The most recent data in the report is from five years ago, but the report’s authors said they believed the disparities were much the same today and if anything may have increased, since there has been no systematic national effort to address the obstacles facing single moms trying to earn degrees.

This story was produced by The Hechinger Report, the nonprofit, independent news website focused on inequality and innovation in education. Sign up for our newsletter.

Letters

Meredith Kolodner

Meredith Kolodner is a staff writer. She previously covered schools for the New York Daily News and was an editor at InsideSchools.org and for The… See Archive

Letters to the Editor

Send us your thoughts

At The Hechinger Report, we publish thoughtful letters from readers that contribute to the ongoing discussion about the education topics we cover. Please read our guidelines for more information.

By submitting your name, you grant us permission to publish it with your letter. We will never publish your email. You must fill out all fields to submit a letter.





This was a very interesting and good article. I personally can attest to the above being a true document. I was a single mother in my undergraduate years of college. Personally for myself, a 21 year old african american woman, i became pregnant my 4th year of college. It took me 5 years to graduate, and I CRITICALLY made sure that I did just that - GRADUATE! I feel like everyone may not be presented with the assistance that I received, but i made the conscience effort to make myself not a statistic. I did have help from my family, church family, and the father and I did end of moving in to make things easier. I honestly do not believe all of that would have been possible without the assistance of ALL of those person(s) involved. I went to school my last year 4/5 hrs per day then worked a job 6 hrs a day as well. When I look back, i honestly don't know how I did it all. But I did, and now 16 years later, I am in school again to get my masters (still a truly single parent - the father and I are not together, nor am I married), but I am making it happen. My child is a Junior in high school, and we both will be graduating within the next couple of years.

- from Geriandi Jackson, Sep 21, 2017